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Pressure-dependent band-bending in ZnO: A near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study
Z. R. Ma; X. Lian; K. D. Yuan; S. Sun; C. D. Gu; J. L. Zhang; J. Lyu; J. Q. Zhong; L. Liu; H. X. Li and W. Chen
2021
Source PublicationJournal of Energy Chemistry
ISSN2095-4956
Volume60Pages:25-31
AbstractZnO-based catalysts have been intensively studied because of their extraordinary performance in lower olefin synthesis, methanol synthesis and water-gas shift reactions. However, how ZnO catalyzes these reactions are still not well understood. Herein, we investigate the activations of CO2, O-2 and CO on single crystalline ZnO polar surfaces at room temperature, through in-situ near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (NAP-XPS). It is revealed that O-2 and CO2 can undergo chemisorption on ZnO polar surfaces at elevated pressures. On the ZnO (0001) surface, molecular CO2 (O-2) can chemically interact with the top layer Zn atoms, leading to the formation of CO2 delta- (O-2(delta-)) or partially dissociative atomic oxygen (O-) and hence the electron depletion layer in ZnO. Therefore, an apparent upward band-bending in ZnO (0001) is observed under the CO2 and O-2 exposure. On the ZnO (000 (1) over bar) surface, the molecular chemisorbed CO2 (O-2) mainly bond to the surface oxygen vacancies, which also results in an upward band-bending in ZnO (0001). In contrast, no band-bending is observed for both ZnO polar surfaces upon CO exposure. The electron-acceptor nature of the surface bounded molecules/atoms is responsible for the reversible binding energy shift of Zn 2p(3/2) and O 1s in ZnO. Our findings can shed light on the fundamental understandings of CO2 and O-2 activation on ZnO surfaces, especially the role of ZnO in heterogeneous catalytic reactions. (C) 2020 Science Press and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by ELSEVIER B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.
DOI10.1016/j.jechem.2020.12.018
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ciomp.ac.cn/handle/181722/65553
Collection中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所
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Z. R. Ma,X. Lian,K. D. Yuan,et al. Pressure-dependent band-bending in ZnO: A near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study[J]. Journal of Energy Chemistry,2021,60:25-31.
APA Z. R. Ma.,X. Lian.,K. D. Yuan.,S. Sun.,C. D. Gu.,...&H. X. Li and W. Chen.(2021).Pressure-dependent band-bending in ZnO: A near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study.Journal of Energy Chemistry,60,25-31.
MLA Z. R. Ma,et al."Pressure-dependent band-bending in ZnO: A near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study".Journal of Energy Chemistry 60(2021):25-31.
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